A piece of leather found with the metal books was shown by carbon dating tests to be just under 2,000 years old, potentially placing its provenance within Christ's ministry, while a metallurgical examination on one of the codices found that it was also very old.
Atomic Number: 6 Atomic Weight: 12.0107 Melting Point: 3823 K (3550°C or 6422°F) Boiling Point: 4098 K (3825°C or 6917°F) Density: 2.2670 grams per cubic centimeter Phase at Room Temperature: Solid Element Classification: Non-metal Period Number: 2 Group Number: 14 Group Name: none What's in a name? Three naturally occurring allotropes of carbon are known to exist: amorphous, graphite and diamond.
Containing cryptic messages in Hebrew and Ancient Greek, the codices were etched in an indecipherable code.
They were also replete with potentially messianic symbols including what appeared to be a Roman cross before an empty tomb, and behind the walls of a city – a clear reference, the team believed, to Christ's crucifixion "without a city wall".
Evidence for the sophistication of these societies is abundant – great architecture survives, astronomical depictions exist, writing was created, forms of mathematics developed.
And vitally, this knowledge was preserved – written down on scrolls or carved into walls of buildings.
Did you wonder whether that Titian really is a Titian and not a fake?
Did you question whether that vase had been correctly attributed to the Ming dynasty?
These societies all emerged in what’s considered as one of the cradles of civilisation, the Eastern Mediterranean.
I think it’s fair to say that any educated person over the age of 10 or so has probably heard of carbon dating.
But I realized the other day that even as an adult with a fair amount of scientific knowledge, I could not articulate exactly how or why carbon dating works.
These two forms have identical physical properties but different crystal structures.
It has become my custom here at Interesting Thing of the Day to choose topics that I think will be unfamiliar to most readers—a sort of implicit “I’ll-bet-you’ve-never-heard-of-this” test.